Meteorological service is one of the main divisions of RSE “Kazhydromet”, whose main task is the production of observation data observations are used to prepare real-time weather forecasts and warnings of adverse weather conditions, for climate studies, in the current activities of the sectors of the economy are weather dependant for the purposes of hydrology and agricultural meteorology, and for research in meteorology and climatology.
Meteorological monitoring of the Republic of Kazakhstan held in:
1) the 330-year meteorological stations;
2) 43 meteorological stations are actinometric observations;
3) 9 upper-air stations.
4) 5-year meteorological stations are ozonometric observations.
Meteorological observations conducted in 8 major simultaneous period for the following meteorological parameters: temperature and humidity,soil temperature (surface and depth),atmospheric pressure,speed and wind direction,atmospheric phenomena (OJA ohss),ice-izvrsavam phenomena kolichestvom intensity of precipitation,snow cover (height, density, supply of water), clouds (quantity, shape, height).
the Data of automated weather stations arrive at the Central server collecting information on the cellular channels in the city of Nur-Sultan.
Data from all weather stations and automated weather stations are sent to the regional center of the WMO in Tashkent and at the world data center WMO (GISC WIS) in Moscow and in the city of Offenbach (backup center).
the data of the actinometrical observations the data of the actinometrical observations carried out at the 13 weather stations for direct, diffuse, total radiation 6 times a day on an average solar time. 30 automatic weather stations installed sensors for the measurement of total radiation.
upper air observations are used with a 9-year - upper-air stations to build predictive models of baric formations (cyclones, anticyclones), information for disaster and dangerous weather, as well as to monitor the state of the atmosphere at altitudes up to 30 km or more. Upper air observations are made 2 times a day.
Monitoring of the ozone layer (more – CCA) carried out by 5 meteorological stations. Results nablyudayetsya in the Main geophysical Observatory im. Voeikov, and then the World center of the WMO ozone in Toronto, Canada, on the basis of which produced the Bulletin of ultraviolet radiation from may to October.
the meteorological monitoring carried out by the Department of meteorology, which is headed by a Director
the Department consists of 3 control:
1.Management of meteorological monitoring;
2.Management gidromehanizaciya, planning and reporting;
3.The office of climatology
Management of meteorological monitoring methodical guidance of meteorological, solar radiation, aerological and ozonometrical. The office conducts the collection, processing and analysis of information, ensures the unity of methods of observations in the network, monitors the status and operation of instruments used in the meteorological network.
Control gidromehanizaciya, planning and reporting supervises the timely provision of the observation network meal allowances and solid fuel, generates and coordinates the plans of meteorological observations, reports on the implementation of measures in accordance with the aims and objectives of RSE “Kazhydromet” in Magidi.
climate Control manages climate data (collection, analysis and generation of a database of meteorological observations); create and publish reference books on climate of Kazakhstan; handle climate and weather information to provide to public authorities and the public on request.